South Sudan Peace Agreements
Burhan said it was a great day for the fate of the Sudanese people, because after many years of war, the nation achieved the goal of a revolution – peace – to end the bloodshed and give people a decent standard of living. The agreement, which is due to be formally signed in early October, was hailed by the UN Secretary-General as a « historic achievement » and the international community also praised the Government of South Sudan for its positive role as a mediator and invited the group to join the peace process. Much depends on the implementation of the agreement and the experience of implementing the peace agreements in Sudan has been dismal, especially when it comes to bringing tangible benefits to the local population. After a three-hour meeting, negotiated by a South Sudanese mediation team, Amar Daldoum, on behalf of SPLM-N (al-Hilu) and Shams al-Din Khabbashi on behalf of the Sovereignty Council, they signed an agreement on political, security and humanitarian procedures on behalf of the Sovereignty Council. The agreement was co-signed by the president of the mediation team, Tut Galwak. The SPLM-N (al-Hilu) and the Sovereignty Council planned to develop a declaration of principle to organize the continuation of the peace process and present their political vision.  If the Juba peace agreement is properly implemented, the Juba peace agreement is an important first step towards creating a « new Sudan » based on peace, equal citizenship and social justice. The main test of whether Sudan can finally reverse the trend is whether signatory movements and other revolutionary forces can unite to give the victims of the Sudanese conflicts the peace dividend and support inclusion instead of tribalism and narrow political affiliation; If the remaining armed movements are ready to enter into serious negotiations for a comprehensive peace; and if Sudan now receives the support and attention it deserves from the international community. Of course, Sudan has already gone too far to pass up this historic opportunity.
The President of the Sovereign Council of Sudan, Lieutenant-General Abdel Fattah al Burhan (left), South Sudanese President Salva Kiir (centre) and Sudanese Prime Minister Dr. Abdalla Hamdok (right), greet those who gathered in Juba, South Sudan, during the umbrella of the peace agreement with Sudan`s rebel groups. Photo: AKUOT CHOL/AFP via Getty Images. A peace agreement was signed on 12 September 2018 and a unity government was formed in February 2020. However, some opposition groups refused to end the ceasefire and continued fighting. After signing the Juba peace agreement on 31 August, Sudan aspires to a better future, an important first step in bringing peace to conflict zones and laying the foundations for democratic transition and economic reforms across the country.